Sweden is the largest of the Nordic countries, with an area twice the size of Britain (approximately the same size as California), yet its population is low at just over 9 million people. It is a vast and breath-taking land of green forest, snow-capped mountains, vast wilderness and abundant wildlife.
One of Sandgrouse Travel’s favourite spots is Swedish Lapland in Northern Sweden. Referred to as the land of 8 seasons where it can be -40ºC in winter and +30ºC in summer, your midnight sun awaits. The Aurora Sky Station in the Abisko National Park is purpose built for viewing the greatest light show on earth, the Northern Lights – The Aurora Borealis. With so much to do for first timers from dog sledding, snow mobiling, hover crafting, ice sculpting, snow biking, ice fishing, snow shoeing, dinner on ice, cross country skiing, sledging, hiking, wildlife viewing, photography and city breaks, there is something for all travellers and every family member.
Accommodation in Swedish Lapland is fun and exciting with a range of lodges and hotels to capture your imagination. World-renowned names such as Tree Hotel and Ice Hotel are popular choices, with smaller boutique lodges such as Pine Bay Lodge offering great alternatives.
Full Name: The Kingdom of Sweden
Population: 9,816,666 Million (2015 Estimate)
Area: 450,295 sq km (175,896 sq miles)
Density Population: 21.5/km sq
Life Expectancy: 80.2 (Men) 83.8 (Women)
Currency: Swedish krona (SEK)
GDP: Total - $483.724 billion (estimate)
Major Language: Swedish
Major Religion: Lutheran Christianity
International Dialing Code: +46
Time zone: UTC +1hrs
Sweden is situated in Northern Europe, west of the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Bothnia, forming the eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The Scandinavian mountain chain of Skanderna separates Sweden from Norway in the west and Finland is located to its north-east. Sweden shares maritime borders with Denmark, Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. It is also linked to Denmark to the south-west by the Oresund Bridge. The border with Norway runs for 1,619 km in length and is the longest uninterrupted border within Europe.
Sweden is the fourth largest country in Europe and is one-tenth larger than California. In the north of Sweden are mountains and lakes. Kebnekaise 6,965ft (2,123m), the highest peak in Sweden is found in Swedish Lapland. The lowest elevation in Sweden is found in the bay of Lake Hammarsjon, near Kristianstad at -7.91ft (-2.41m). To the south and east of Sweden are central lowlands and south of them are fertile areas of forest, valley and plain. Along Sweden’s rocky coast, chopped up by bays and inlets, are many islands, the largest of which are Gotland and Oland.
Despite its northern latitude (55 degrees and 70 degrees N), Sweden has a temperate climate, with four distinct seasons and mild temperatures throughout the year. The country can be split into 3 climate zones;
An oceanic climate in the southernmost part. A humid continental climate in the central part. A subarctic climate in the northernmost part. Due to the Gulf Stream, Sweden finds itself to be much drier and warmer than other places of a similar latitude. For example, central and southern Sweden finds itself having much milder winters in many parts than countries such as Russia, United States and Canada on the same latitude.
Temperatures vary greatly from north to the south. Southern and central parts have warm summers and hot winters with average highs between 20ºC and 25ºC (60ºF – 77ºF) in the summer and average temperatures between -4ºC and 2ºC (25ºF – 36ºF) in the winter.
There are no official statistics on ethnicity, but according to Statistics Sweden around 1,921,000 (20.1%) of inhabitants of Sweden were of foreign background in 2012, defined as being born abroad, or born in Sweden to parents born abroad. Immigration has become a major source of population growth in recent years.
Germanic people have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times. They emerged into history as Swedes and constituted the sea people known as Norsemen.
ABBA, Sweden’s most famous music export won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1974. The Eurovision Song Contest 2016 will be the 61st Edition of the annual contest and will be held in Ericsson Globe, located in Stockholm, Sweden, following the country’s latest victory in the 2015 contest. 2016 is also an exciting year for Volvo, who on the 30th Anniversary of Volvo’s European Touring Car success now announce their return to World Touring Car Championship in 2016 under Polestar Cyan Racing banner, campainging two S60s. 2016 will also see Sweden leading the world stage for climate change, with the Swedish government’s recent announcement that their aim is to be one of the world’s first nations to end its dependence on fossil fuels. The country will be investing $564 (US Dollar) into climate change and renewable energy in their 2016 budget.